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The Journal of Japanese Language Literature Studies > Volume 17(1); 2023 > Article
Border Crossings: The Journal of Japanese-Language Literature Studies 2023;17(1): 195-213.
doi: https://doi.org/10.22628/bcjjl.2023.17.1.195
The Gaze and Metamorphosis:Yoko Tawada’s “Missing Heels.
Yanan XING
PhD Student, Graduate school of Humanities and Sociology and Faculty of Letters, Tokyo University
眼差しと変身 ―― 多和田葉子「かかとを失くして」論
邢亜南
東京大学大学院人文社会系研究科現代文芸論研究室・博士後期課程。
Correspondence  Yanan XING ,Email: lanzhouriyu@126.com
Published online: 30 December 2023.
Copyright ©2023 The Global Institute for Japanese Studies, Korea University
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
ABSTRACT
Yoko Tawada made her debut in Germany before Japan, but her first work of fiction published in Japan was “Missing Heels.” This novel has been read as a depiction of a person’s encounter with a foreign country. Based on previous studies, this paper examines the anxiety expressed by the protagonist as a foreigner, caught between two communities, old and new, culturally and linguistically, in relation to the violence inherent in the intersection of looking and being looked at. Specifically, we will look at how the gaze of “I” and the gaze of the people of the town are represented as the protagonist come to be placed in a place where the gaze of “seeing” and “being seen” intersect. We will then look at how the violence that the gaze contains, which transforms the object to be seen, works on the protagonist’s body and shakes the protagonist’s identity.
Keywords: Yoko Tawada, Look, Violence, Metamorphosis, Identity

キ―ワ―ド: 多和田葉子, 眼差し, 暴力, 変身, アイデンティティ
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